The Terracotta Army is the 5 largest tourist destination for travelers in China. About 1 million foreign tourists come to see it every year. The Terracotta Army was included by UNESCO in 1987 as a world beauty. It was discovered on March 29, 1974. The Terracotta Army was discovered on 29 March 1974. In 1987, the mausoleum of the first emperor Keane and the Terracotta Warriors and Horse Pit was approved by UNESCO to be included in the “World Heritage List” and acclaimed as the “Eighth Wonder of the World”. More than 200 foreign heads of state and government have visited. It has become a golden business card of the glorious civilization of ancient China and is known as one of the eight rare treasures of the ancient tomb world.
It was first seen during the excavation of Patakua, a local farmer, about a mile from Emperor Qin Shi’s tomb in Xi’an province. The place was mixed with underground water bodies and streams. For centuries, fragments of terracotta, brick, and other building materials were sometimes found in the area. The Terracotta Army was one of the largest artifacts of ancient Chinese pottery, grouped together.
According to military status, statues vary in size. For example, the tallest statue is a commander. In addition to the warriors in the Terracotta Army, there are statues of chariots and horses. Terracotta troops The first statue of a terracotta soldier and horse, erected in the tomb of the Emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang.
Built between 210 and 209 BC, it is a tombstone industry. After the death of the emperor, these statues were erected in his tomb. According to the belief, this army will provide security for Emperor Qin’s death later. In 1974, farmers discovered the statues in the Lintong district of Shaanxi province.
History of Terracotta
The description of the terracotta tomb construction is given by the historian Sima Qian in the record of the Grand Historian. Its period is 145-90 BC. Which is the first in the history of the 24th Dynasty of China, which was written a century after the completion of the tomb. Tomb work began in 246 BC when Emperor Qin ascended the throne. Kin was 13 years old at the time. 700,000 workers were employed in this project. Li Duan wrote that six centuries after the death of the first emperor, Shui Jing Zhu wrote that Mount Lee was a preferred place because of its auspicious geology. Its northern side was rich in gold and its southern side was rich in beautiful jade. It was also famous for jade mines. The first emperor, greedy for his beautiful fame, therefore chose to be buried there.
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Sima Qian notes that the first emperor was buried with palaces, towers, officials, valuable monuments, and wonderful objects. Of these, 100 flowing rivers were mimicked using mercury. Also, the roof above them was adorned with heavenly bodies. Beneath which were the features of the land.
The next time is when high levels of mercury are found in the soil of the tomb BT, which Sima Qian’s account believes. It was later learned that after the death of the first emperor, the complex and the tomb itself were looted by Jiang Yu, a rival of the throne. Again, there are indications that the tomb itself was not looted.