Stephen Jay Gould was an American paleontologist, evolutionary biologist, and historian of science. Stephen J. Gold was born on September 10, 1941, in Queens, New York. Her father’s name is Leonard and her mother is Eleanor. His father was a court stenographer by profession. He had a younger brother named Peter.
- Name: Stephen Jay Gould
- Birth: September 10, 1941
- Birth Place: Bayside, New York, United States
- Education: Columbia University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences (1967)
- Death: May 20, 2002, SoHo, New York, United States
Gould’s most important contribution to evolutionary biology is the theory of punctuated equilibrium. The theory has proposed that most of the evolution is characterized by a prolonged period of evolutionary stability. which is infrequently punctuated by swift periods of branching speciation. This he developed in 1972 with Niles Eldredge.
Gould also made an important contribution to evolutionary biology. He received wide professional recognition for his book ontogeny and phylogeny. He based most of his research on the ground snail’s genera Poisilzonites and Cerion. Gold spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working in the natural history of the American Museum of New York.
In 1996, Gould was appointed Vincent Aster Visiting Research Professor of Biology at New York University.
Gold was also one of the most influential writers in popular science. The United States Library of Congress named him “Living Legend” in April 2000. He was famous for his numerous books on natural history, both for popular essays and for non-specialists.
Gould began his education life at a P.S. 26 Elementary School. He graduated from Jamaica High School. Gold did his higher education at Antioch College. He graduated from the University of Leeds, UK. He graduated from Columbia University in 1967. His father took him to the American Museum of Natural History’s Hall of Dinosaurs, where he first encountered the Tyrannosaurus Rex. Gold said I didn’t know what such things were – I wondered, “It was at this point that he decided to become an archeologist.
Gold began his career as a Vincent Aster Visiting Research Professor of Biology at New York University. Gold spent most of his career teaching at Harvard University and working in the natural history of the American Museum of New York. He also wrote various books.
Stephen Jay Gould married artist Deborah Lee on October 3, 1965. They had two sons Jesse and Ethan. For nearly 30 years, their marriage was bound. His second marriage was in 1995 to the artist and sculptor Ronda Roland Scherrer.
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Honor & Awards
Gold has received many awards and honors in his life. The awards he received in his colors life are-
- Linnean Society of London’s Darwin–Wallace Medal in 2008
- Paleontological Society Medal in 2002,
- St. Louis Literary Award in 1994
- Sue Tyler Friedman Medal in 1989
- American Academy of Achievement’s Golden Plate Award in 1982
- Charles Schuchert Award in 1975
- Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science (twice – 1983, 1990),
- MacArthur Fellowship, National Book Award, National Book Critics Circle Award
Gold died of lung metastatic adenocarcinoma cancer on May 20, 2002. It is an aggressive form of cancer that has already spread to his brain, liver, and plane. Gould had died at his home “surrounded by a bed in his Soho Machu library, surrounded by his wife Rhonda, his mother Eleanor, and his favorite book.”