Albert Einstein was a German Physicist. He was born on 14 March 1879 at Ulm, in the Kingdom of Wurttemberg in the German Empire. His father, Herman Einstein, originally used to create and market bird feather beds. Mother’s Pauline Einstein. Einstein has done a lot of research in various fields of physics and has contributed a lot to new inventions and discoveries. He is renowned for his famous relativity theory and especially the finding of the sources of mass-energy equivalence. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921. He is mentioned as the reason for his award, for his contributions to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect.
- Name: Albert Einstein
- Birth: 14 March 1879
- Birth Place: At Ulm, in the Kingdom of Wurttemberg in the German Empire
- Education: University of Zurich (1905), ETH Zürich (1896–1900), MORE
- Death: April 18, 1955, Princeton Medical Center, New Jersey, United States
His other contributions include relativity-based cosmology, capillary action, tropical available pigmentation, the ever-present problems of numerical mathematics and their application to quantum theory, an explanation of the Brownian motion of molecules, the probability of a molecular revolution, a quantum theory of molecular gas. Einstein’s research work includes more than 50 scientific papers. In 1999, Time magazine declared Einstein “the best man of the century.”
After Hitler came to power in Germany in 1933, Einstein emigrated to the United States because he was a Jew. Then he never returned to Germany. Get American citizenship in 1940. The last time of his life was spent in the USA.
Einstein’s childhood was spent in Munich. He began his first school life at Catholic Elementary School. He was one of the talented students in elementary school. At the age of 12, Einstein suddenly became quite religious. His ability to speak was not very great, but he did very well in school. But after reading his book on science, his religious consciousness began to decline. Because scientific doctrine conflicted with his religious beliefs. And the theories of science were certainly proven.
At that time, he made various instruments by himself and showed them to others. He graduated in 1896 from a special kind of school run by Just Wintler in Arai, Switzerland. In 1900 he graduated in physics from the Federal Polytechnic School. In 1905, he received his Ph.D. from the University of Zurich.
Einstein roamed for a job for about 2 years after graduation. Two years later, the father of a former classmate offered him a job at a Bern office. It was a patent office called the Federal Office for Intellectual Property. His job was as an assistant examiner. His job was as an assistant examiner. In 1903, his job at the Swiss Patent Office became permanent. In 1908 Bern joined the University as a privatdozent. Einstein joined the University of Zurich in 1911 as an associate professor. However, soon after, Charles was appointed a full professor at the University of Prague.
While working in the patent office in 1905, Einstein published four papers in the German science journal Annalen der Physik. The study had four topics –
- Lightning Actions – Einstein’s equation of light electrons.
- Brownian motion – Support for molecular theory.
- Electromagnetism – Discovery of the special theory of relativity.
- Mass-energy equivalence – proving the famous E = mc2 formula.
These papers, published in Germany’s leading science periodicals, have been called the Annus Mirabilis papers in history. Four studies have been recognized as a phenomenon in the history of science, and because of this, that year is referred to as the “wonderful year” of Einstein’s life.
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Einstein married Mileva Merrick on January 6, 1903. Hans Albert Einstein was born on May 14, 1904, the first son of Albert and Milever. Their second son, Eduard Einstein, was born on July 28, 1910. He later said of Mileva, “Mileva is a creation that is equal to me and as powerful and independent as me.” On February 14, 1914, they were divorced for five years because of their separation. Einstein married again in 1919 to Elsa Leventhal. Elsa died in December 1936.
Honor & Awards
Einstein received many honors and awards in life. He is one of the best physicists in the world. The awards he has received are given below:
- Barnard Medal in 1920
- Nobel Prize in Physics in 1921
- Matteucci Medal in1921
- ForMemRS in 1921
- Copley Medal in 1925
- Gold Medal of the Royal Astronomical Society in 1926
- Max Planck Medal in 1929
- Member of the National Academy of Sciences in 1942
- Time Person of the Century in 1999
Einstein died in18 April 1955 in Princeton, New Jersey, United States. At this time his age was 76. Before he died, Einstein experienced internal bleeding due to an aortic aneurysm bursting in his stomach.