Sigmund Freud Austrian was psychoanalysis and neurologist. He is the inventor of the psychoanalysis method called “psychoanalysis”. He was born on 6 May 1856 in Freiberg in Mahren, Moravia, Austrian Empire. He was the first of eight children. Both of his parents were from Galicia, in modern-day Ukraine.His father, Jakob Freud a wool merchant. Here is given short Psychologist Sigmund Freud Biography –
- Name: Sigmund Freud.
- Birth: 6 May 1856.
- Birth Place: Freiberg in Mahren, Moravia, Austrian Empire (now Pribor, Czech Republic).
- Education: University of Vienna.
- Death: 23 September 1939 (aged 83), Hampstead, London, United Kingdom
Freud is a “father of psychology”. His various works have had a huge impact on the public. Concepts like ‘subconscious’ of human power, ‘Freudian erosion’, ‘self-defense mechanisms’ and ‘symbolic interpretation of dreams’ are gaining popularity. At the same time, Freud’s various theories had a profound influence on literature, film, Marxist and feminist theory. He is well-known for his doctrines, such as the Oedipus Complex and the Electra Complex.
Freud admitted the Leopoldstadt Kommunal-Realgymnasium, a high school in 1865, at nine-year-old. He proved to be an outstanding pupil and graduated from the Matura in 1873 with honors. Freud was admitted to the University of Vienna at age 17. He graduated with an MD in March 1881.
Freud began his medical career at the Vienna General Hospital in 1882. His research work on cerebral anatomy led to the publication of an influential paper in 1884 on the painful effects of cocaine. His essay on aphasia forms the basis of his first book on aphasias: a critique study, published in 1891. The main component of his published research led to the appointment of a university lecturer or on duty in neuroscience in 1885, he was entitled to lecture at the University of Vienna. In 1886, Freud resigned from his hospital position and entered the private practice of a “neurological illness” specialist. The discovery of a Swiss hotel log of August 13, 1898, signed by Freud, is presented as proof of its relationship.
Freud began smoking tobacco at the age of 24; In the beginning, he ate cigarettes, and then he became a smoker. He believed that smoking increased his performance and that through moderate smoking he was able to continue self-control. In October 1885, Freud went to Paris on a three-month fellowship to study with Jean-Martin Charcot, a renowned neurologist who was conducting scientific research on hypnosis. He later recalled this experience as a catalyst for focusing on the practice of medical psychopathology and turning away from a less-than-frustrating career in neuroscience studies. The development of psychoanalysis as part of Freed’s uneven results in early clinical work eventually led him to quit hypnosis, deciding that patients should be able to talk more freely, without censorship or interruptions, which encourage more ideas and memories to achieve more regular and effective symptom relief. Could have happened to them. With this approach, which he called the “free association,” Freud found that patients’ dreams could be analyzed to reveal the complex structure of unconscious substances and to display the psychological action of suppressing, which, he concluded, underlies symptom formation. By 1896 he was using the term “psychology” to refer to his new clinical method and the theories on which it was based.
During this early period of his work, Freud relied on the intellectual and emotional support of his friend Wilhelm Flys, a Berlin-based ear, nose, and throat specialist who first met in 1877. But Freud’s attempts to build a bridge between neuroscience and psychology were eventually abandoned when they reached a stalemate, revealing his letters to Fleiss, though some of the project’s ideas will be recaptured in the last chapter of the dream interpretation. In 1902, Freud finally realized his long-standing ambition to become a university professor. As part of the initial psychology movement, the IPA was established in 1997 with an international network of psychoanalytic associations, training institutions, and clinics.
After helping found the American Psychoanalytic Association in 1911, Ernest Jones returned to Britain from Canada in 1913 and founded the London Psychoanalytic Society the same year. He disbanded the organization in 1919 and, with the removal of its original membership from the Zangia loyalists, established the British Psychoanalytical Society, serving as its president until 1944.
Freud was diagnosed with cancer in 1923. In February 1923, Freud noticed a mild concoction called leukoplakia caused by excess smoking in his mouth. Freud initially concealed it, but in April 1923, he told Ernest Jones that the frozen meat pieces had been cut off. At a clinic, Freud performs a useless-nonsense cosmetic surgery. Freud suffered significant bleeding during and after surgery, and he survived for a short time.
In 1886, Freud married Martha Bernays. They had six children- Mathilde in 1887, Jean-Martin in 1889, Oliver in 1891, Ernst in 1892, Sophie in 1893, and Anna in 1895. From 1891 until they left Vienna in 1938, Freud and his family lived in an apartment at Berggasse 19, near Innere Stadt, a historical district of Vienna.
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Honor & Awards
Freud has made significant contributions to the medical sciences. That’s why he earned the rare honor. His awards are -Goethe Prize (1930), Foreign Member of the Royal Society.
In mid-September 1939, Freud began experiencing severe pain due to his jaw cancer, and the doctor declared his pain to be uncontrollable. He finally died on December 23, 1939, taking voluntary morphine as a voluntary death. His doctor said that smoking can be attributed to mouth cancer due to suicide incentives.