Niels Bohr

Niels Bohr Biography Summary


Neil Bohr is one of the pioneers and renowned physicists of the modern theory of atomic formation. He was born on 7 October 1885 in Copenhagen, Denmark, the second of three children of Christian Bohr. His mother Ellen Adler Bohr. Niles Bohr presented the “Bohr Model” of the atom in 1913. He demonstrates that atoms are a positive nucleus and the electron particles circulating around it, where electrons are rotating around the nucleus, just like the solar system around the nucleus. Bohr’s nuclear model has become famous in the history of chemistry. The physicist, 1922, received the Nobel Prize in Physics 1922. He is also known as an important physicist. Here is Niels Bohr Biography short summary.

  • Name: Niels Henrik David Bohr
  • Birth: 7 October 1885
  • Birth Place: Copenhagen, Denmark
  • Education: Trinity College University of Copenhagen Victoria University of Manchester
  • Died: 18 November 1962 (aged 77) Copenhagen, Denmark

During the 1930s, Bohr helped refugees from Nazism. In September 1943, word reached Bohr that he was about to be arrested by the Germans, and he fled to Sweden. Then he joined the British Tube Alloys nuclear weapons project and was part of the British mission to the Manhattan Project. Bohr called for international cooperation on nuclear energy and the establishment of CERN.

The Research Institute of the Danish Atomic Energy Commission, Riso, and the first chairman of the Nordic Institute for theoretical physics in 1957. Bohr has spent her childhood in Copenhagen. The second of three children of Christian Bohr was Niels Bohr. Her father was a professor of physiology at the University of Copenhagen. Bohr was a passionate footballer as well, and the two brothers played several matches for the Copenhagen-based AkademiskBoldklub Academic Football Club.


Bohr was educated at Gammelholm Latin School, starting when he was seven. Bohr completed his undergraduate at Copenhagen University. His major was physics, which he studied under Professor Christian Christiansen, the university’s only professor of physics at that time. He studied astronomy and mathematics under Professor Thorvald Thiele. 


As a doctoral student, Bohr J.J. Worked under Thomson. Studied under Ernest Rutherford at the University of Manchester, England. Motivated by the Rutherford theory of atomic structure, Bohr published a revolutionary model of atomic structure in 1913.

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In 1916 Bohr became a professor of physics at Quelpiegen University. In 1920, he was named director of the Institute for Theoretical Physics of the University. He was involved with the Danish Atomic Energy Commission’s CERN and the establishment of the Research Establishment Riso. In 1957 he was elected the first chairman of the Nordic Institute of Theoretical Physics.

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Personal Life

In 1912 Bohr married a romantic girl named Margrethe Norlund. They have 6 children. Aage Bohr born on June 19, 1922, Erik Bohr born on June 23, 1920, Hans Henrik Bohr on April 7, 1918, Ernest Bohr on March 7, 1924, Harald Bohr, Christian Bohr.

Honor & Awards

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Bohr received numerous honors and awards in his life. All of his honorable awards that he received their list given below-

  • He received the Hughes Medal in 1921.
  • Along with the Nobel Prize in 1922.
  • The Mattoo Award in 1923.
  • Franklin Medal in 1126.
  • The Coppola medal in 1938.
  • The Order of the Elephant in 1947.
  • The Peace Prize in 1957.
  • The Sonigan Award in 1961.


Niels Bohr died of heart failure at his home in Carlsberg on 18 November 1962. At this time his age was 77.  He kept great contributions in developing physics.

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