Joseph Priestley is an English Scientist. He was born on 24 March 1733 in Birstall, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. Joseph Priestley was the eldest of six children of his parents. His father,s name is Jonas Priestley, and his mother Mary Swift. His father used to do cloth finishing. Here is given Joseph Priestley short biography-
- Name: Joseph Priestley
- Birth: March 24, 1733,
- Birth Place: Birstall, United Kingdom
- Education: Daventry Academy (1752–1755), Warrington Academy, Batley Grammar School
- Death: February 6, 1804, Northumberland, Pennsylvania, United States
Joseph Priestley was a Separatist theologian, natural philosopher, chemist, innovative grammarian, multi-subject educator, and liberal political theorist. He is most known for his discovery of oxygen. He discovered oxygen on August 1, 1774. On August 1, Priestley was conducting research at his home. In a container, he was heating with some sulfuric oxide. At one time a kind of gaseous substance began to come out of the vessel. He stored this gas in a container. He could see that the combustion of candles in the air was getting fresher when he entered. Priestley discovered oxygen but named it after French chemist Laura Lavoisier. Priestley once met Lavoisier and Lavoisse tested it and then named it Oxygen. In addition, Priestley is the inventor of carbon monoxide, ammonia, nitrate oxide, nitrogen, and sulfur dioxide.
A lifelong scholar and teacher, Priestley also made important contributions to theology, including the publication of a spiritual essay on English grammar and history books, and prepared some of the earliest influential timelines. These educational writings were among Priestley’s most popular works. In addition, he wrote a book in 1765 called “The History of Electricity and Its Present Condition.” This book gained a lot of reputation.
Priestley’s science was integral to his theology, and he constantly sought to fuse Enlightenment logic with Christian theology. The controversial nature of Priestley’s publications aroused public and official suspicion with his outspoken support of the French Revolution. After a mob burned his Birmingham home and church, he was eventually forced to flee first to London in 1791 and later to the United States. He spent her last ten years in Northumberland County, Pennsylvania.
Priestley lost his mother at the age of six. He grew up near an aunt. His aunt wanted Priestley to grow up and become a priest. In the study, Priestley was very good. Within a short time, Priestley learns English, French, Italian, Arabic, and German languages at a local school. Matriculated in 1752 at an oppositional academy in Daventry.
At the end of his academic life, he joined the Dissenters Academy as a language teacher, but later he taught in the chemistry department. His interest in chemistry began. Besides, he has spent a lot of time in research work.
On June 23, 1762, Priestley married Mary Wilkinson of Wrexham. On April 17, 1763, they had a daughter whom they named after the aunt of Priestley.
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Honor & Awards
Priestley became a fellowship in the Royal Society in 1766. He also received the ‘Copley Medal’ award from the Royal Society in 1772.
Joseph Priestley died in Northumberland, Pennsylvania, US, on 6 February 1804. At this time his age was 70. He will be memorable in the science world.