Greek Scientist Archimedes


Archimedes is a world-renowned Greek scientist. He was a mathematician, physicist, engineer, astronomer, and philosopher altogether. Although little is known about his life, he is considered one of the best scientists of the classical era. Archimedes was born about  287 BC in the port city of Syracuse, on the island of Sicily, in the colony of Greater Greece. His father’s name is Phidias. Here is given Greek Scientist Archimedes short biography

  • Name: Archimedes.
  • Birth: 287 BC.
  • Birth Place: Syracuse, Italy.
  • Education: –
  • Death: 212 BC, Syracuse, Italy.

Among his significant contributions to physics are the foundations of etiology and conductive etiology and detailed interpretation of liver function. He also used the method of exclusion to calculate the area of the infinite sum of the areas under the curve of the parabola and to calculate a nearly perfect value of pi. For this reason, Archimedes is generally regarded as one of the best of ancient times and one of the greatest mathematicians of all time.

He is also famous for designing basic equipment like Archimedes’ screw pumps for pumping water, Siege engines for wartime attacks. Modern scientific experiments have made it possible to successfully implement the method of firing on a ship with the help of a waterproofing machine or a set of mirrors placed alongside it.

He also defined the spirals of Archimedes, provided a formula for calculating the area of the sphere, and discovered an excellent way to easily express large numbers.


Little is known about Archimedes’ life. However, he did not know much about his educational life. But Archimedes was probably educated in Alexandria, Egypt, where Cone of Samos and Eratosthenes of Siren were his classmates. He referred to Konoha Samos as his friend.

Story of Crown Gold- One of the most popular inventions of Archimedes was the method of measuring the volume of irregularly shaped objects. According to Vitruvius’ description, a gold crown was made for King II Hiero to look like the crown of laurel leaves. Archimedes was tasked with making sure that the crown was pure gold. The simplest method was to determine the density by melting the crown, but the king was not willing to destroy the crown. While Archimedes was thinking about the problem, suddenly taking a bath, he noticed that the water in the bathtub was rising as he went down into the water.

He understood that this religion of water could be used to measure density. Since water is decomposed for practical purposes, the submerged crown will displace the same amount of water as its volume. By measuring the volume of the crown by dividing the volume of the crown it is possible to measure the density of the crown. If any other low-density cheap metal is added to the material of the crown, its density will be less than that of pure gold. It is said that this discovery provoked Archimedes so much that he began to run around the city shouting “Eureka” (Greek: Meaning “I got it!”).


Greek Scientist Archimedes

Archimedes has authored a variety of scientific studies, discoveries, and mathematics in his career. He laid the foundation for etiology and flow elasticity and explained the function of the liver. He also used the method of exclusion to calculate the area of the infinite sum of the areas under the curve of the parabola and to calculate a nearly perfect value of pi.

The laws explained by Archimedes are given in several books –

In his book, Archimedes (On Floating Bodies) states his principle of fluctuation, thus: An object which is completely or partially immersed in a flowing substance, at the same time, removes the weight of the flowing fluid and reverses the push of the reverse.

In the first (On the Equilibrium of Plains) volume there are fifteen theorems and seven molecules, while in the second volume there are ten subtypes. In this book, Archimedes explains the principles of the liver. “The weight of the lever is proportional to the length of the two arms,” he said.

This article, written jointly with the student Dositheus of Pelusium of Conon of Samos, has three theses. In the second theorem, Archimedes shows that the value of pi is greater than 223/71 and smaller than 22/7. 22/7 is accepted as the pie’s approximation, and 22/7 is still used as the pie’s standard unless very precise calculations are required.

In this essay, The Quadrature of Parabola, composed of twenty-four episodes written by Dosithius, Archimedes proves in two different ways that the area of a circle bounded by an alphabet and a straight line is 4/3 times the area of a triangle with equal land and height. For this proof, he deduces the infinite sum of a geometric series.

Personal Life

Heraclitus, a friend of Archimedes, wrote a biography of him, but he was later lost. Many details of Archimedes’ life are not known. It is unknown whether he was married or had any children.

Honor & Awards

Archimedes is considered one of the best of ancient times and one of the greatest mathematicians of all time. He became known for his research in science.


It is reported that Archimedes was killed by a Roman soldier during the siege of the Romans in 212 BC.

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