Edward Estlin Cummings was an American poet. He was born on October 14, 1894, in Cambridge, Massachusetts, the USA. His father’s name is Edward Cummings, was a Harvard University professor. The mother is Rebecca Haswell Clark. Here is given a short biography of Cummings-
- Name: Edward Estlin Cummings
- Birth: October 14, 1894
- Birth Place: Cambridge, Massachusetts, US
- Education: Harvard University
- Death: September 3, 1962 (aged 67) Madison, New Hampshire, US
Edward Estlin Cummings was a painter, illustrator, writer, and playwright. He authored nearly 2900 poems, two autobiographical novels. He also wrote four more plays and several essays. Cummings is involved in modernist form- poetry. Most of his works have idiosyncratic syntax and use lower case spelling for poetic expression. He is considered one of the most important American poets of the twentieth century.
Cummings has wanted to be a poet since childhood. From 8 to 22 years old, he wrote various poems daily, exploring different types. He graduated from Harvard University with a Bachelor of Arts degree in 1915, magna cum laude and Phi Beta Kappa, and in 1916 graduated from the University. While studying at Harvard, he became interested in modern poetry, which aimed at the dynamic use of language, ignoring traditional grammar and syntax. After graduating, he worked for a book merchant.
In 1917, World War I was enlisted in Europe. Cummings joined the Army in 1918. He served in the Twelfth Division at Camp Devens, Massachusetts, until November 1918. Coming to the Soviet Union in 1913, Cummings wasn’t very interested in politics, according to his testimony at EMI. Later he moved to the right on many political and social issues. He was a Republican and was a staunch supporter of Joseph McCarthy, despite the boisterous and bohemian public image.
During his lifetime, Cummings published four plays. HIM, a three-act drama, was first published. Produced by James Light. The protagonists of the play are Heim “, a playwright, portrayed by William Johnstone, and his girlfriend” I “is Erin O’Brien-Moore.
An Ethics was probably Cummings’ most successful play. This is a metaphorical Christmas fantasy presented in one of the five scenes. The drama was inspired by his daughter Nancy, with whom he reunited in 1944. It was first published in Harvard College Magazine on Wake.
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Cummings married Elaine Orr on March 19, 1924. They had a daughter’s child. After nine months, they were separated. Then Cummings married Anne Minnerly Barton on May 1, 1929. The pair split up in 1932 after 3 years. Then after separating from his second wife, Cummings met fashion model and photographer Marion Morehouse. It is not yet clear whether the two were ever formally married.
Honor & Award
Edward Estlin Cummings received numerous awards in recognition of his work in his life. all his awards are given below-
- Dial Award in 1925.
- Guggenheim Fellowship in 1933.
- Shelley Memorial Award for Poetry in 1945.
- Harriet Monroe Prize from Poetry magazine in 1950.
- Fellowship of American Academy of Poets in 1950.
- Guggenheim Fellowship in 1951.
- Charles Eliot Norton Professorship at Harvard (1952–1953).
- Special citation from the National Book Award Committee for his Poems in 1923–1954.
- Bollingen Prize in Poetry in 1958.
- Boston Arts Festival Award in1957.
- Two-year Ford Foundation grant of $15,000 in 1959.
Edward Estlin Cummings died September 3, 1962, Madison, New Hampshire, U.S. At this time his age was 67.