• Winston Churchill

    Sir Winston Churchill is an English politician and Writer. Winston Churchill is an English politician and Writer. He was born on 30 November 1874, Blenheim, Oxfordshire, England. His father is the famous politician Lord Randolph Churchill and mother Jenny Jerome. Winston Churchill was the older, younger brother Jack Churchill military officer, between the two sons. He is best known as the UK's Second World War Prime Minister. Churchill is regarded as one of the most important leaders in the history of the United Kingdom and the world. Here Winston Churchill short summary.

    • Name: Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill
    • Birth: 30 November 1874
    • Birth Place: Blenheim, Oxfordshire, England
    • Education: Harrow School, Royal Military College, Sandhurst
    • Death: 24 January 1965 (aged 90) Kensington, London, England

    In his early life, he was a member of the British Navy. Sir Winston Churchill was well known in the literary work as a political personality. In 1899, Churchill left the army and joined a conservative daily newspaper in the Morning Post. For almost 50 years he was in the front line of politics. Performs different duties of cabinets at different times. He was elected to the House of Commons in 1900. Prior to World War I, he served as President of the Board of Trade, the Home Secretary and the First Lord of the Admiralty of the Asquith Liberal government during the war. He served as commander of the Western Front in the 6th Battalion of the Royal Scots Fusiliers. Returning from the war, he served as Minister of State for Munitions, Secretary of State for War and Secretary of State for Air. After the war, the conservative Baldwin was chancellor of the government (1924-29). In the thirties, he became aware of Hitler's rise. During World War II, he was re-appointed First Lord of the Admiralty. He became Prime Minister of Britain during the war. At that time, his speeches and radio talks greatly influenced the British. Because of his successful leadership, German forces were defeated in battle. He was very adept at diplomacy. During the war, they formed successful alliances with Russia and the United States. He was controversial by some of the roles he held in India during his rule. He was especially responsible for the wartime famine. When the Conservative Party lost in the 1945 election, he became the leader of the opposition. In 1951, he was elected prime minister again.

    In 1953, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature. In a BBC poll in 2002, he was nominated as the best Briton of all time.

    Education

    Churchill's childhood was spent in Dublin, Ireland. His grandfather was then Duke, and so was his political officer. Study in the family environment. From an early age, he was independent and rebellious. The academic record was not very good. He was often punished. Independent Churchill was always indifferent to teaching. And his impression was also on the test results. In 1888, he was admitted a residential school in London. But a few weeks later he joined the Harrow Rifle Corporation and chose the army as a workplace.

    Career

    Winston Churchill started his career from Harrow Rifle Corporation, then he joined the army. Churchill was enjoying his eventful soldier's life. After 1895, the Fourth Queen of Britain joined her cavalry and settled on the frontier of Sudan, where she witnessed the battle of Omdurman. During the war, the Pioneer wrote regularly to the Mail and the Daily Telegraph about the horrors of war. Based on these experiences, he wrote the famous book, 'The Malakand Field Force' (1898), as 'The River' (1899). Winston Churchill joined Manchester's Oldham Conservative Party in 1900. He established himself as a social reformer by following his father's independent spirit. In disagreement with his liberal ideology, he left the Conservative Party and joined the Liberal Party in 1904. In 1908 he was elected a Member of Parliament from the Liberal Party and served in the Prime Minister's Cabinet as President of the Board of Trade. Winston Churchill was appointed as the First Lord of the Admiralty in 1911. Churchill played an important role in World War II. On May 10, 1940, King VI appointed George Churchill as defense minister and prime minister. German forces were defeated by Churchill's united alliance of tactical warfare and allies.

    He planned social reforms at the end of the controversial world war, but he could not explain it to the general public. As a result, he was defeated in the 1945 general election. On a visit to the United States in March 1946, he delivered his famous 'Iron Curtain' speech, which was a warning to the domination of the Soviet Union in Europe. He won in the 1951 elections and was elected as prime minister for the second time.

    Personal Life

    Winston Churchill married Clementine Hozier in September 1908. They remained married for 57 years. The couple's parents were the parents of five children. The Churchills' first child, Diana, was born in July 1909; the second, Randolph, in May 1911. Their third, Sarah, was born in October 1914, and their fourth, Marigold, in November 1918. The latter died in August 1921 and was buried in Kensal Green Cemetery. Churchills' last child, Mary, was born on 15 September 1922. Later that month, the Churchills bought Chartwell, which would be their home until Winston's death in 1965.

    Honor & Awards

    Churchill received a wide range of awards and other honors in his life. All his awards are given below -

    • Order of the Garter (Knight Companion) in1953,
    • Order of Merit in 1946,
    • Order of the Companions of Honour in 1922,
    • The India Medal with clasp, Punjab Frontier 1897–98, in 1898,
    • The Queen's Sudan Medal, 1896–98 (1899),
    • The Queen's South Africa Medal, 1899 -1902, with six clasps (1901),
    • 1914-15 Star (1919),
    • British War Medal 1914–1918 (1919),
    • Victory Medal (United Kingdom) 1914–1919 (1920),
    • 1939–1945 Star (1945),
    • Africa Star (1945),
    • Italy Star (1945),
    • France and Germany Star (1945),
    • Defense Medal (1945),
    • War Medal 1939–1945 (1945),
    • King George V Coronation Medal (1911), 
    • King George V Silver Jubilee Medal (1935), 
    • King George VI Coronation Medal (1937),
    • Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal (1953),
    • Territorial Decoration, 1924
    • Grand Cross of the Order of Military Merit, Red Ribbon, Spain, 1895,
    • Grand Cordon of the Order of Leopold  with Palm, Belgium, in 1945,
    • Knight Grand Cross, Netherlands, 1946, 
    • Grand Cross, Order of the Oak Crown, Luxembourg, in 1946,
    • Grand Cross with Collar, Norway, 1948,
    • In 1950 Knight of the Order of the Elephant, Denmark,
    • Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour, France, 1958,
    • Companion of the Ordre de la Libération, France, 1958,
    • In 1961, Most Refulgent Order of the Star of Nepal, First Class, Nepal,
    • In 1962, Grand Sash of the High Order of Sayyid Muhammad ibn Ali as-Senussi, Libya,
    • Distinguished Service Medal, United States, 1919,
    • In 1925, Cross of Liberty for Military Leadership, Grade I, Estonia,
    • Croix de Guerre with bronze Palm, Belgium, 1945,
    • Military Medal 1940-45, Luxembourg, 1946,
    • Medaille Militaire, France, 1947,
    • Croix de Guerre with bronze palm (France, 1947),
    • Croix de Guerre with bronze palm (France, 1947)

    Honorable degrees

    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from Queens University,
    • Belfast (Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK) in 1926,
    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from the University of Rochester on 16 June 1941,
    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from Harvard University on 6 September 1943,
    • Honorary Doctor of Laws (Hon. LL.D.) from McGill University on 16 September 1944,
    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from the University of Miami on 26 February 1946,
    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from the University of Aberdeen on 27 April 1946,
    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from Westminster College on 5 May 1946,
    • Doctorate honoris causa (Dr. h.c.) in Law from Leiden University on 10 May 1946, 
    • Honorary Doctor of Laws (Hon. LL.D.) from the University of London in 1948,
    • The honorary degree of Doctor of Laws (LL.D.) from the University of Liverpool in 1949,
    • Doctor Philosophiae Honoris Causa (Dr. Phil. h.c.) from the University of Copenhagen (Copenhagen, Denmark) in 1950.

    Death

    Churchill suffered a serious stroke on January 15, 1965, Nine days later, on January 24, 1965, this great political figure left his last breath at his London home. She was buried in St. Martin's Family Cemetery.

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