Biography of President Abraham Lincoln
Abraham Lincoln was the 16th President of the United States. He was the first president of the Republican Party and held office from 1861 until 1865. He was born on February 12, 1809. He was the second child. His father,s name Thomas Lincoln and mother,s name Nancy Hanks.
- Name: Abraham Lincoln
- Birth: February 12, 1809
- Birth Place: Hodgenville, Kentucky, United States
- Education: Lincoln was largely self-educated
- Death: April 15, 1865 (aged 56), Washington, D.C., U.S
Lincoln, extreme opposition to the slave system, was elected president of the Republican Party in 1860. He abolished slavery in the United States in 1863 and freed slaves through the Emancipation Proclamation. During the United States Civil War, he led the Northern Union forces and defeated the Confederate Alliance in the South. He served successfully until April 15, 1865, when he was elected president of the United States in March 1861. Because of his extraordinary leadership qualities, talent, foresight, he was able to successfully overcome all obstacles even during the American Civil War.
Born in Kentucky, Lincoln grew up on the Poor American Frontier. He was largely self-educated. His formal schooling (from traveling teachers) was occasional, totaling less than 12 months; however, he was an avid reader and maintained a lifelong interest in education. Family, neighbors, and classmates recalled that he had read biographies of the King James Bible, the myths of Isotopes, the progress of John Bunyan's The Pilgrim, Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe, The Life of Washington by Mason Lock Weims, and Benjamin Franklin.
As an educator, he became a Lawyer in Illinois. In early March 1830, fearing an outbreak of milk sickness, several members of the extended Lincoln family moved to a free state in western Illinois and settled in Macon County, 10 miles (16 km) west of Decatur. In 1832, Lincoln and partner Denton Offutt bought a general store in New Salem, Illinois, as a credit. Although the economy was buoyant, the business was struggling and Lincoln eventually sold its shares. That March he ran for the Illinois General Assembly and entered politics and advocated for navigational development along the Sangamon River. He could go to public meetings, but he lacked education, strong friends and money and lost the election. In 1834 his second state legislative campaign was successful. Although he ran as a Whig, many Democrats backed him as a more powerful Whig opponent. Lincoln served four terms in succession as a Whig from Sangamon County in the Illinois House of Representatives. He first said in 1837 that the foundations of slavery were founded on both wrong and bad principles, but that the propagation of extinction doctrine would increase rather than alleviate its evil. Admitted to the Illinois Bar in 1836, he moved to Springfield, Illinois, and began practicing law under Mary Todd's cousin, John T. Stewart. Lincoln gained a reputation as a strong opponent during cross-examination and closing arguments. He partnered with Stephen T. Logan from 1841 until 1844. Lincoln ran for the Whig nomination in 1843 in the 7th District of Illinois in the United States House of Representatives but lost to John J. Hardin. Lincoln hoped that this arrangement would lead to his nomination in 1846. Lincoln was in fact elected to the House of Representatives in 1846, where he served for a two-year term. Lincoln practiced law in Springfield, operating "every kind of business that Prairie's lawyers could come up with."
In 1851, in dispute with shareholder James A. Barrett, he represented the Alton & Sangamon Railroad, which refused to balance the promise to buy the shares because of the company's original train route change.
On October 16, 1854, her "Peoria Speech," Lincoln declared his opposition to slavery, which he repeatedly went on to become president. In the 1854 elections, Lincoln was elected to the Illinois legislature but declined to take his seat.
In 1855, Lincoln, reflecting on his party's death, wrote, "I think I'm a Whig, but others say there is no Whig, and that I am an abolitionist, I do nothing but oppose the abolition of slavery. On May 18, 1860, at the Republican National Conference in Chicago, Lincoln defeated candidates like Seward and Chase to win the third ballot. He was elected president on the march, 1861.
He served successfully until April 15, 1865, when he was elected president of the United States in March 1861. Because of his extraordinary leadership qualities, talent, foresight, he was able to successfully overcome all obstacles even during the American Civil War.
In 1840, Lincoln married Mary Todd. They met in Springfield, Illinois, in December, and a year later they were bugged. The marriage set was canceled for January 1, 1841, Lincoln initiative.
They were reunited and married on November 4, 1842, in the Springfield Palace of Mary's married sister. They have four children. Robert Todd Lincoln was born in 1843 and Edward Baker Lincoln was born in 1846. Edward probably died in Spring 1850 in Springfield, suffering from 1 JV."Willie" Lincoln was born on December 21, 1850, and died of fever on February 20, 1862. Lincoln's fourth son, Thomas "Tad" Lincoln, was born April 4, 1853, and died of a heart attack on July 18, 1871, aged 18 years.
Honor & Awards
He is known throughout the world as one of the best US presidents. No prize note was found in his biography.
He was shot and killed on April 15, 1865, at the hands of an Athenian named John Wilkes Booth. He was neither the United States nor the President of the world. He will be remembered in the history of the world.