• A brief history of Stephen Hawking

    Stephen Hawking was a prominent English theoretical physicist and mathematician known personality throughout the world. He was born on January 8, 1942, in Cambridge, UK. His father Frank Hawking a biological researcher and mother Isabel Hawking is a political worker. His mother was Scottish. Stephen has two sisters named Filippa and Mary. Hawking had two younger sisters. They are Philippa and Mary, and an adopted brother, Edward Frank David.

    • Name: Stephen William Hawking
    • Birth: 8 January 1942  
    • Birth Place: Oxford, England 
    • Education: University of Oxford (BA) University of Cambridge (MA, Ph.D.)
    • Died: 14 March 2018 (aged 76) Cambridge, England

    Hawking was most famous for his theory of the Big Bang. In this information, he mentions that all the objects of the present universe were at one time in the form of a seed. About two billion years ago, a great explosion occurred in this universe. In the first three minutes of the explosion, various elements of the universe are formed and spread around. And according to this theory, this is how the universe is created. The first evidence says, "The galaxies in this universe are moving away from each other. From this, we can understand that at one time all these things were in a state of cohesion. "Secondly, the universe was very hot during the Big Bang. Later it gradually reduced. And lastly - the amount of hydrogen and helium gas in the current universe. The extent of these two is related to the Big Bang theory.

    Hawking scientific works mentioned collaboration with Roger Penrose on gravitational singularities theorems in the framework of general relativity in early life. His theoretical prediction that black holes emit radiation, often called it Hawking radiation. He was Lucasian Professor at Cambridge University from 1979 to 2009. He also worked as a Fellow of Gonville and Caius College in Cambridge.

    In 2006, Stephen posed an open question on the Internet- "In a world that is in chaos politically, socially and environmentally, how can the human race sustain another 100 years?", later clarifying-I don't know the answer. At this cause, I asked the question, to get people to think about it, and to be aware of the dangers we now face.

    In 2011, At Google's Zeitgeist Conference, Stephen Hawking said that "philosophy is dead". He believed that philosophers were "not in line with modern advances in science." and that scientists "have become the bearers of the torch of discovery in our quest for knowledge". He states that the science of philosophical problems can be answered especially by new scientific theories. Which "takes a new and completely different picture of our universe and places us in it."

     In 2009, the United States' highest civilian award, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, was awarded the title. He was a respected Fellow of the Royal Society of Arts and a life member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences. He is regarded as one of the world's theoretical physicists.

    A physically endangered and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or a type of laugh Gehring has been constantly driven to full bloated infestation with neuron disease, yet for many years, he continued his research activities successfully. After losing his speech, he used to communicate with others through a kind of word-producing instrument.

    Education

    Stephen Hawking attended two independent schools, first Radlett School and from September 1952, St Albans School, after passing the eleven-plus a year early. After that, the boys went to school. His results in the school were good but it was not so great. Hawking chatted with his close friends, used to play board games, used fireworks, made aircraft and boat models. Since 1958, with the help of Tahta, they made computers with watch parts, old telephone switches, and other recycling material. He was known as "Einstein" at the school Hawking had an intense interest in science. He got a scholarship in March 1959 and was admitted to Oxford University. He started his graduation at Oxford University College. Immediately after coming to Cambridge, hooking affects motor neuron disease.

    Stephen received a research fellowship at Gonville and Caius College at Cambridge. He obtained his Ph.D. degree in applied mathematics and theoretical physics, in March 1966.

    Career

    Hawking was Chief of the Research Center for Theoretical Cosmology at Cambridge University. Theoretical cosmology and quantum gravity were the major research fields of Hawking. In the 1960s, Hawking, together with colleague Roger Penrose, developed a new model from Einstein's theory of relativity.

    Based on that model, in the 1970s, Hawking first (called the Penrose-Hawking theory) proved his theory. In 1974 he was elected one of the Junior Fellows of the Hocking Royal Society.

    Personal Life

    When Stephen Hawking was a graduate student at Cambridge, his relationship with Jane Wilde. The couple became engaged in October 1964. Hawking later the two were married on 14 July 1965. They had three children. Their first son, Robert, was born in May 1967, then daughter, Lucy, was born in November 1969 and a third child, Timothy, was born in April 1979.

    Honors and awards

    Hawking earned many awards and honors for his contribution to the field. All his awards are given bellow-

    • Adams Prize in 1966.
    • Eddington Medal in 1975.
    • Maxwell Medal and Prize in 1976. 
    • Heineman Prize in 1976.
    • Hughes Medal in 1976.
    • Albert Einstein Award in 1978.
    • Albert Einstein Medal in 1979.
    • RAS Gold Medal in 1985.
    • Dirac Medal in 1987.
    • Wolf Prize in 1988.
    • Prince of Asturias Award in 1989.
    • Foreign Associate of the National Academy of Sciences in 1992.
    • Andrew Gemant Award in 1998. Copley Medal In 2006. 
    • Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2009.
    • Breakthrough Prize in Fundamental Physics in 2012.
    • BBVA Foundation Frontiers of Knowledge Award in 2015. 

    Besides, there are many other awards.

    Death

    On March 14, 2018, Cambridge left his last breath in his home. He was 76 years old. His contribution to the history of modern science will be memorable.

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